Self Practice during Wesak (Visakha) Day


Visakha Bucha or Wesak Day will fall on Wednesday, 26 May 2021.

This method is taught by my teacher as one of the ways a Buddhist can choose to perform self practice on Visakha Bucha day. This is especially so as it is more convenient for one to stay at home to practice.

It is not the place, but the state of mind or heart that matters.  It is important not to underestimate our own capability, believing that one must practice in the temple and that if one does at home it does not render the same effect.  If one is to practice with sincerity and make an aspiration, one may be able to overcome obstacles and achieve success in what one sets up to do.

Pay respect to Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha by bowing 3 times. Then light a candle – you can purchase the pink colour lotus candle example like below:

Chant the Salutation to the Triple Gem for 108 times in Pali. Yes, 108 times and the chanting will take about 3 hours to complete. To ensure you are able to keep to the correct number, you may use chanting beads or another way is to write from 1 – 108 on a piece of paper and strike off each time you have complete one round.

Transcript of Salutation to the Triple Gem is as follows (you may chant those in brown bold script):

Salutation to Buddha:

Itipi so bhagavā arahaṁ sammā-sambuddho
He is indeed the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Rightly Self-awakened One,

Vijjā-caranā-sampanno sugato lokavidū
consummate in knowledge & conduct, one who has gone the good way,
knower of the cosmos,

Anuttaro purisa-damma-sārathi satthā deva-manussānaṁ
buddho bhagavāti
unexcelled trainer of those who can be taught, teacher of human & divine beings, Awakened, Blessed.

Salutation to Dhamma:

Svākkhāto bhagavatā dhammo
The Dhamma is well-expounded by the Blessed One,

Sandiṭṭhiko akāliko ehipassiko
to be seen here & now, timeless, inviting all to come & see,
须经过学习及奉行才能亲自体会的(自见) ,是可奉行,可得成果,
不被时间所限制的(无时) ,请来亲自试试看(请来看),

Opanayiko paccattaṁ veditabbo viññūhīti
leading inward, to be seen by the wise for themselves.
向内返照(导向) ,智者皆能亲自体证 (智者各自证知)。

Salutation to Sangha:

Supaṭipanno bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho
The Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples who have practised well,
僧伽是世尊的追随者,良好地修习奉行佛法的团体 (善于择法的行者)。

Uju-paṭipanno bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho
the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples who have practised straightforwardly

Ñāya-paṭipanno bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho
the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples who have practised rightly,
(以取证涅盘为最终目标的行者) 。

Sāmici-paṭipanno bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho
the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples who have practised properly,
僧伽是世尊的追随者,已能依教奉行佛法的团体 (梵行清净的行者)。

Yadidaṁ : cattāri purisa-yugāni aṭṭha purisa-puggalā
that is to say, the four pairs & the eight types of Noble Ones.
他们即是 : 四双八辈人 (即是一向、一果、二向、二果、三向、三果

Esa bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho
That is the Sangha of the Blessed One’s disciples,

Āhuneyyo pāhuneyyo dakkhiṇeyyo añjali-karaṇīyo
worthy of gifts, worthy of hospitality, worthy of offerings, worthy of respect,

Anuttaraṁ puññakkhettaṁ lokassāti
the incomparable field of merits for the world.

After Completing the Chanting

The chanting will take about 3 hours- it requires patience, faith and determination.  After completing the chat,  calm the mind, and then say in heart  name and full address and invite the merit through chanting  for protection and if there is any other difficulties, make aspiration may the problems be overcome. Transfer merits to parents and their kammic debtors. Make sincere aspiration- if do sincerely it is possible for us to achieve our aspiration.  We have within us to achieve what we set up to do- and we should have faith in our own capabilities.


Another method is to chant the attributes separately which adds up to 108 times being:

  • Salutation to the Buddha (Itipiso…) : 56 times
  • Salutation to the Dhamma (Svakkhato…): 38 times
  • Salutation to the Sangha (Supatipanno…): 14 times
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